RELATIVE RADIO SENSITIVITY OF THE TISSUES

RELATIVE RADIO SENSITIVITY OF THE TISSUES

RELATIVE RADIO SENSITIVITY OF THE TISSUES

Radiosensitive (2500 r or less kills or seriously injures many cells)

Lymphocytes and lymphoblasts
Bone marrow (myeloblastic and erythroblastic cells)
Epithelium
Germ cells (testes and ovary)

Radioresponsive (2500-5000 r kills or seriously injures many cells)

Epithelium of skin and many appendages.
Endothelium of blood vessels
Salivary glands
Growing bone and cartilage.
Conjunctiva, cornea and lens of eye
Collagen and elastic tissue(fibroblasts themselves are resistant)

Radioresistant (over 5000 r are required to kill or injure many cells)

Kidney
Liver
Thyroid
Pancreas
Pituitary
Adrenal and parathyroids
Mature bone and cartilage
Muscle
Brain and other nervous tissue.

The numbers represent the minimum damaging doses; a gray and a sievert represent roughly the same amount of radiation:
• Fetus--2 grays (Gy).
• Bone marrow--2 Gy.
• Ovary--2-3 Gy.
• Testes--5-15 Gy.
• Lens of the eye--5 Gy.
• Child cartilage--10 Gy.
• Adult cartilage--60 Gy.
• Child bone--20 Gy.
• Adult bone--60 Gy.
• Kidney--23 Gy.
• Child muscle--20-30 Gy.
• Adult muscle--100+ Gy.
• Intestines--45-55 Gy.
• Brain--50 Gy.
 

Related Questions properties of X-rays and radiation biology

RELATIVE RADIO SENSITIVITY OF THE TISSUES

Radiosensitive (2500 r or less kills or seriously injures many cells)

Lymphocytes and lymphoblasts
Bone marrow (myeloblastic and erythroblastic cells)
Epithelium
Germ cells (testes and ovary)

Radioresponsive (2500-5000 r kills or seriously injures many cells)

Epithelium of skin and many appendages.
Endothelium of blood vessels
Salivary glands
Growing bone and cartilage.
Conjunctiva, cornea and lens of eye
Collagen and elastic tissue(fibroblasts themselves are resistant)

Radioresistant (over 5000 r are required to kill or injure many cells)

Kidney
Liver
Thyroid
Pancreas
Pituitary
Adrenal and parathyroids
Mature bone and cartilage
Muscle
Brain and other nervous tissue.

The numbers represent the minimum damaging doses; a gray and a sievert represent roughly the same amount of radiation:
• Fetus--2 grays (Gy).
• Bone marrow--2 Gy.
• Ovary--2-3 Gy.
• Testes--5-15 Gy.
• Lens of the eye--5 Gy.
• Child cartilage--10 Gy.
• Adult cartilage--60 Gy.
• Child bone--20 Gy.
• Adult bone--60 Gy.
• Kidney--23 Gy.
• Child muscle--20-30 Gy.
• Adult muscle--100+ Gy.
• Intestines--45-55 Gy.
• Brain--50 Gy.